Monuments and natural beauties...

  • Palazzo Gigliucci, De Feo
    San Felice Church with the bell tower
    Fontana Vecchia con Arco, an ancient fountain with a arch
    San Domenica Church
    Santa Maria delle Grazie Chapel
    Santa Sofia Church, its bell tower is one of the highest in Cilento
    Sant’Antonio da Padova Chapel
    House of the artist Paolo De Matteis, famous painter of 1600 and beloved pupil of Luca Giordano. It became famous as Paoluccio della Madonnina because he was very short and slim, and loved to portray Our Lady. His most famous paintings are: La Madonna con Bambino (Naples, San Giovanni dei Fiorentini Church); La Sacra Famiglia (Montecassino Abbey); La Crocifissione (Naples, the Cathedral), Venere dormiente (Rome); Diana e le Ninfe (London); Erminia fra i pastori (Vienna Museum)
    Murals on the walls of many houses
    Sant’Elia Church
    Tempa dell’Arenola, where Our Lady appeared in 1952
    Museo della Civiltà Contadina, a museum dedicated to rural culture, especially to fig trees cultivation. There are many objects and tools. The aim of this museum is to encourage the knowledge about rural and agricultural traditions of this territory. Fig is the most important product and the museum shows all the cycles dedicated to its cultivation and working. Figs were considered "the bread of poor people" because of their very good nutritional value. Visitors can see all the aspects and the activities of rural life
    Scorzelle, Acciucchi, Selva Dei Santi, San Martino, San Ginito and Patrimonio woods
    Orria and Cerreto gorges

History...


Maybe Orria was founded after the destruction of Velia (VI century a.C.). Its name is linked to the legend of a Longobard leader who was going from Calabria to Benevento and passed through Casalvelino territory. Here he didn’t find any wheat, because it had already been mowed. Then he went on Stella Mount and saw the hills covered by harvests and said: “horrea mea video” (I see my wheat). The name “Horrea” then changed into Orria comes from that sentence.
The first mention of this hamlet was in 1496 when it was mentioned as one of Gioi hamlets.
In 1532 there were 80 families that reared sheep, cultivated olive and fig trees. There were also many stonecutters.
Maybe the production of wheat was very rich; in fact legend tells that God punished the inhabitants with a violent landslip that destroyed the fertile lands because farmers worked also on Sundays. San Felice intervened and saved the population that was starving bringing to Orria some Arab merchants that had a lot of wheat with them. These merchants had accepted a diamond ring, the same ring, as the inhabitants realized, that belonged to the statue of the Saint. And the merchants seeing the statue understood that this was the person who had contacted them.
At the end of XVI century there was a terrible famine that killed many people and this terrible period continued with the violent plague of 1656.
At the beginning of XVIII century this area returned to life thanks to some noble families that cultivated the lands or used them to rear animals.

 

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